Effects of Home Particulate Air Filtration on Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review

Dalia Walzer, Terry Gordon, Lorna Thorpe, George Thurston, Yuhe Xia, Hua Zhong, Timothy R. Roberts, Judith S. Hochman, Jonathan D. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Air pollution is a major contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Fine particulate matter <2.5 µm in diameter may be a modifiable risk factor for hypertension. The benefits of in-home air filtration on systolic blood pressure (BP) and diastolic BP are unclear. To examine the effects of in-home personal air cleaner use on fine particulate exposure and BP, we queried PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register, Inspec, and EBSCO GreenFILE databases for relevant clinical trials. Included studies were limited to nonsmoking participants in smoke-free homes with active or sham filtration on indoor fine particulate concentrations and changes in systolic and diastolic BP. Of 330 articles identified, 10 trials enrolling 604 participants who met inclusion criteria were considered. Over a median 13.5 days, there was a significant reduction of mean systolic BP by ≈4 mm Hg (-3.94 mm Hg [95% CI,-7.00 to-0.89]; P=0.01) but a nonsignificant difference in mean diastolic BP (-0.95 mm Hg [95% CI,-2.81 to 0.91]; P=0.32). Subgroup analyses indicated no heterogeneity of effect by age, level of particulate exposure, or study duration. Given the variation in study design, additional study is warranted to confirm and better quantify the observed benefits in systolic BP found with personal air cleaner use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
JournalHypertension
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • blood pressure
  • humans
  • risk factors
  • systole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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