Effects of hospital staffing and organizational climate on needlestick injuries to nurses

Sean P. Clarke, Douglas M. Sloane, Linda H. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. This study determined the effects of nurse staffing and nursing organization on the likelihood of needlestick injuries in hospital nurses, Methods. We analyzed retrospective data from 732 and prospective data from 960 nurses on needlestick exposures and near misses over different 1-month periods in 1990 and 1991. Staffing levels and survey data about working climate and risk factors for needlestick injuries were collected on 40 units in 20 hospitals. Results. Nurses from units with low staffing and poor organizational climates were generally twice as likely as nurses on well-staffed and better-organized units to report risk factors, needlestick injuries, and near misses. Conclusions. Staffing and organizational climate influence hospital nurses' likelihood of sustaining needlestick injuries. Remedying problems with understaffing, inadequate administrative support, and poor morale could reduce needlestick injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1115-1119
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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