Effects of monoterpenes on ion channels of excitable cells

Murat Oz, Yosra Lozon, Ahmed Sultan, Keun Hang Susan Yang, Sehamuddin Galadari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Monoterpenes are a structurally diverse group of phytochemicals and a major constituent of plant-derived 'essential oils'. Monoterpenes such as menthol, carvacrol, and eugenol have been utilized for therapeutical purposes and food additives for centuries and have been reported to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic actions. In recent years there has been increasing interest in understanding the pharmacological actions of these molecules. There is evidence indicating that monoterpenes can modulate the functional properties of several types of voltage and ligand-gated ion channels, suggesting that some of their pharmacological actions may be mediated by modulations of ion channel function. In this report, we review the literature concerning the interaction of monoterpenes with various ion channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-97
Number of pages15
JournalPharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2015

Keywords

  • Ligand-gated ion channels
  • Monoterpenes
  • TRP channels
  • Terpenes
  • Voltage-gated ion channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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