The effects of a nine month administration of dietary: (1) 3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (D3T), (2) N-acetylcysteine (NAC), (3) antioxidant vitamin mix, (vitamin C+E), (4) free radical scavenger, amifostine, and (5) calorie restriction, (CR), on mutagenesis and lipid peroxidation in lung, kidney, spleen and liver of lacZ transgenic mice were examined. These agents/diets were chosen because they might inhibit certain proposed mechanisms of endogenous damage to DNA. The agents were added to a high fat, reduced antioxidant AIN-76 diet, to better approximate a Western style diet than the conventional AIN-76 diet. As the lacZ gene is not expressed, mutations in that gene are neutral, and simply accumulate over time. The mutant fractions in control mice increased about 50-100%. Most of the agents inhibited to various extents the age-related increase in mutagenesis in lung, kidney, and/or spleen, but no inhibition was observed in liver. There was no significant effect of age on lipid peroxidation levels in controls, possibly reflecting steady state turnover of lipid peroxidation products. Almost all of the treatments except D3T inhibited lipid peroxidation in most organs to different degrees. The vitamin C+E mix was the most effective at inhibiting lipid peroxidation, but a single most effective inhibitor of mutagenesis could not be discerned. Some associations were observed between the reduction in lipid peroxidation and the inhibition of mutagenesis. The results are consistent with a partial role for oxidative stress in the age-related increase in mutagenesis. These observations may have implications for chemoprevention of carcinogenesis.
- Calorie restriction
- Lipid peroxidation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis