Effects of Side Flattening on Torsional and Cyclic Fracture Resistance of Nickel-Titanium File

Hee Yoon Jeong, Jung Hong Ha, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Ove A. Peters, Hyeon Cheol Kim, Sang Won Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of side flattening of cutting flutes on the cyclic resistance and torsional resistance of nickel-titanium files. Methods: Both novel flattened Platinum V.EU (PL) and standard nonflattened CC Premium V.EU (CC) rotaries were tested. For cyclic fatigue tests, all the files were rotated in an artificial root canal with a curvature of 45° and a radius of 6.06 mm at 300 rpm (n = 15 in each group). The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was calculated. For torsional tests, the files were rotated at 2 rpm clockwise until fracture occurred. The maximum torque value at fracture was measured and the toughness and distortion angle were computed. Subsequently, 5 fragments were randomly selected in each experiment, the cross-section and longitudinal direction of the fragments were photographed using a scanning electron microscope. An unpaired t-test was performed at a significance level of 95%. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in NCF between CC and PL (P <.05). CC showed higher NCF than PL. There was no statistically significant difference between CC and PL with regards to the parameters related to torsional resistance (distortion angle, ultimate strength, and toughness) (P >.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, side flattening of the file did not improve cyclic resistance or torsional resistance of the files. As side flattening may reduce a file's cyclic resistance, such files should be used with caution in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1011-1016
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of endodontics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2024


  • Cyclic fatigue resistance
  • nickel-titanium file
  • side flattening
  • torsional resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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