Electrospun nickel–tungsten oxide composite fibers as active electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction

Shaheen Fatima Anis, Boor Singh Lalia, Ahmad O. Mostafa, Raed Hashaikeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Novel crystalline nickel–tungsten oxide composite fibers were synthesized for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, through the electrospinning method using nickel acetate and ammonium metatungstate as precursor solutions. Fibers with five different Ni:W molar ratios, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 3:1 and 1:3, were prepared. After calcination, the produced fibers were composed of tungsten oxide (WO3), nickel oxide (NiO) and nickel tungstate (NiWO4). Fiber morphology and structure were studied using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Selected fibers were investigated for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH electrolytes. The electrospun composite fibers showed good electrocatalytic activity compared to pure NiO and WO3 fibers with an overpotential of 80 mV and 60 mV in acidic and basic media, respectively. Low Tafel slopes were also registered as 50.27 mV/dec and 41.29 mV/dec in H2SO4 and KOH, respectively. The presence of NiWO4 compound, formed during the composite fabrication, was responsible for improving the electrocatalytic performance of the fibrous catalyst.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7269-7281
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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