It has been observed in experiment that the anatomical structure of neuronal networks in the brain possesses the feature of small-world networks. Yet how the small-world structure affects network dynamics remains to be fully clarified. Here we study the dynamics of a class of small-world networks consisting of pulse-coupled integrate-and-fire (I&F) neurons. Under stochastic Poisson drive, we find that the activity of the entire network resembles diffusive waves. To understand its underlying mechanism, we analyze the simplified regular-lattice network consisting of firing-rate-based neurons as an approximation to the original I&F small-world network. We demonstrate both analytically and numerically that, with strongly coupled connections, in the absence of noise, the activity of the firing-rate-based regular-lattice network spatially forms a static grating pattern that corresponds to the spatial distribution of the firing rate observed in the I&F small-world neuronal network. We further show that the spatial grating pattern with different phases comprise the continuous attractor of both the I&F small-world and firing-rate-based regular-lattice network dynamics. In the presence of input noise, the activity of both networks is perturbed along the continuous attractor, which gives rise to the diffusive waves. Our numerical simulations and theoretical analysis may potentially provide insights into the understanding of the generation of wave patterns observed in cortical networks.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics