Emotional reactivity and parenting sensitivity interact to predict cortisol output in toddlers

Family Life Project Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cortisol output in response to emotion induction procedures was examined at child age 24 months in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly low-income and nonurban communities in two regions of high poverty in the United States. Multilevel analysis indicated that observed emotional reactivity to a mask presentation but not a toy removal procedure interacted with sensitive parenting to predict cortisol levels in children. For children experiencing high levels of sensitive parenting, cortisol output was high among children exhibiting high emotional reactivity and low among children exhibiting low emotional reactivity. For children experiencing low levels of sensitive parenting, cortisol output was unrelated to emotional reactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1271-1277
Number of pages7
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume51
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Early childhood
  • Emotion
  • Parenting
  • Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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