Energy drinks: An emerging public health hazard for youth

Jennifer L. Pomeranz, Christina R. Munsell, Jennifer L. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Energy drinks are emerging as a public health threat and are increasingly consumed by youth internationally. Energy drinks contain high levels of caffeine, sugar, and novel ingredients, and are often marketed through youth-oriented media and venues. We review these practices and the current inconsistent state of labeling. We also examine international support for regulation of these products, including a survey showing that 85 per cent of United States parents agreed that regulations requiring caffeine content disclosure and warning labels on energy drinks are warranted. We then examine the regulatory structure for energy drinks in the United States, analyzing legal and self-regulatory strategies to protect consumers, especially youth, from these potentially dangerous products. Recommended government interventions include revised labeling requirements, addressing problematic ingredients, and enacting retail restrictions. We conclude by identifying areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-271
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Public Health Policy
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2013


  • Child and adolescent health
  • Energy drinks
  • Law
  • Marketing
  • Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Energy drinks: An emerging public health hazard for youth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this