Energy harvesting multihop networks allow for perpetual operation of low cost limited range wireless devices. Compared with their battery-operated counterparts, the coupling of energy and data causality constraints with half-duplex relay operation makes it challenging to operate such networks. In this paper, a throughput maximization problem for energy harvesting two-hop networks with decode-and-forward half-duplex relays is investigated. For a system with two parallel relays, various combinations of the following four transmission modes are considered: broadcast from the source, multiaccess from the relays, and successive relaying phases I and II. Optimal transmission policies for one and two parallel relays are studied under the assumption of noncausal knowledge of energy arrivals and finite size relay data buffers. The problem is formulated using a convex optimization framework, which allows for efficient numerical solutions and helps identify important properties of optimal policies. Numerical results are presented to provide throughput comparisons and to investigate the impact of multiple relays, size of relay data buffers, transmission modes, and energy harvesting on the throughput.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering