Enhanced Cellular Materials through Multiscale, Variable-Section Inner Designs: Mechanical Attributes and Neural Network Modeling

Nikolaos Karathanasopoulos, Dimitrios C. Rodopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the current work, the mechanical response of multiscale cellular materials with hollow variable-section inner elements is analyzed, combining experimental, numerical and machine learning techniques. At first, the effect of multiscale designs on the macroscale material attributes is quantified as a function of their inner structure. To that scope, analytical, closed-form expressions for the axial and bending inner element-scale stiffness are elaborated. The multiscale metamaterial performance is numerically probed for variable-section, multiscale honeycomb, square and re-entrant star-shaped lattice architectures. It is observed that a substantial normal, bulk and shear specific stiffness increase can be achieved, which differs depending on the upper-scale lattice pattern. Subsequently, extended mechanical datasets are created for the training of machine learning models of the metamaterial performance. Thereupon, neural network (NN) architectures and modeling parameters that can robustly capture the multiscale material response are identified. It is demonstrated that rather low-numerical-cost NN models can assess the complete set of elastic properties with substantial accuracy, providing a direct link between the underlying design parameters and the macroscale metamaterial performance. Moreover, inverse, multi-objective engineering tasks become feasible. It is shown that unified machine-learning-based representation allows for the inverse identification of the inner multiscale structural topology and base material parameters that optimally meet multiple macroscale performance objectives, coupling the NN metamaterial models with genetic algorithm-based optimization schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3581
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • experimental testing
  • machine learning
  • metamaterials
  • multiscale
  • neural networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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