Enteric Neuronal Regulation of Intestinal Inflammation

Kara Gross Margolis, Michael D. Gershon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent research has highlighted the importance of the two-way interaction between the nervous and immune systems. This interaction is particularly important in the bowel because of the unique properties of this organ. The lumen of the gut is lined by a very large but remarkably thin surface that separates the body from the enteric microbiome. Immune defenses against microbial invasion are thus well developed and neuroimmune interactions are important in regulating and integrating these defenses. Important concepts in the phylogeny of neuroimmunity, enteric neuronal and glial regulation of immunity, changes that occur in the enteric nervous system during inflammation, the fundamental role of serotonin (5-HT) in enteric neuroimmune mechanisms, and future perspectives are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-624
Number of pages11
JournalTrends in Neurosciences
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • 5-HT
  • enteric glia
  • enteric nervous system
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • microbiome
  • neuroimmunity
  • serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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