Entropy jumps in the presence of a spectral gap

Keith Ball, Franck Barthe, Assf Naor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is shown that if X is a random variable whose density satisfies a Poincaré inequality, and Y is an independent copy of X, then the entropy of (X + Y)/2√ is greater than that of X by a fixed fraction of the entropy gap between X and the Gaussian of the same variance. The argument uses a new formula for the Fisher information of a marginal, which can be viewed as a local, reverse form of the Brunn-Minkowski ineauality (in its functional form due to A. Prékopa and L. Leindler).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-63
Number of pages23
JournalDuke Mathematical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 15 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Entropy jumps in the presence of a spectral gap'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this