We consider C2 Fréchet differentiable mappings of Banach spaces leaving invariant compactly supported Borel probability measures, and study the relation between entropy and volume growth for a natural notion of volume defined on finite dimensional subspaces. SRB measures are characterized as exactly those measures for which entropy is equal to volume growth on unstable manifolds, equivalently the sum of positive Lyapunov exponents of the map. In addition to numerous difficulties incurred by our infinite-dimensional setting, a crucial aspect to the proof is the technical point that the volume elements induced on unstable manifolds are regular enough to permit distortion control of iterated determinant functions. The results here generalize previously known results for diffeomorphisms of finite dimensional Riemannian manifolds, and are applicable to dynamical systems defined by large classes of dissipative parabolic PDEs.
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