The main objective of this paper is to study the time decay of transport-diffusion equation with inhomogeneous localized damping in the multi-dimensional torus. The drift is governed by an autonomous Lipschitz vector field and the diffusion by the standard heat equation with small viscosity parameter ν. In the first part we deal with the inviscid case and show some results on the time decay of the energy using in a crucial way the ergodicity and the unique ergodicity of the flow generated by the drift. In the second part we analyze the same problem with small viscosity and provide quite similar results on the exponential decay uniformly with respect to the viscosity in some logarithmic time scaling of the type t ∈ [0,C0 ln(1/ν)].
- Ergodicity effects
- Localized damping
- Transport-diffusion equations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics