Ethnicity and conflict: An empirical study

Joan Esteban, Laura Mayoral, Debraj Ray

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    We examine empirically the impact of ethnic divisions on conflict, by using a specification based on Esteban and Ray (2011). That theory links conflict intensity to three indices of ethnic distribution: polarization, fractionalization, and the Gini-Greenberg index. The empirical analysis verifies that these distributional measures are significant correlates of conflict. These effects persist as we introduce countryspecific measures of group cohesion and of the importance of public goods, and combine them with the distributional measures exactly as described by the theory.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1310-1342
    Number of pages33
    JournalAmerican Economic Review
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Jun 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics


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