Evaluating the Iowa Gambling Task as a direct assessment of impulsivity with low-income children

Jessica D. Burdick, Amanda L. Roy, C. Cybele Raver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined performance on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT; Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994) as a measure of low-income school-aged children's affective decision-making and considered its utility as a direct indicator of impulsivity. One hundred and ninety-three 8-11. year olds performed a computerized version of the Iowa Gambling Task, a validated measure of decision-making. Multi-level modeling was used to examine children's performance over the course of the task, with age, gender, and teachers' ratings of child impulsivity (BIS-11; Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995) used to predict children's Iowa Gambling performance. Higher impulsivity scores predicted a decrease in slope of Iowa Gambling performance, indicating students rated higher on impulsivity chose more disadvantageously across the task blocks. Results support evidence of the validity of the Iowa Gambling Task as a measure of impulsivity in low-income minority children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-776
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Decision-making
  • Impulsivity
  • Iowa gambling task
  • Reward sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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