Exosomes may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity through their action as communication mediators. As we have previously demonstrated, in obese adolescents, some circulating miRNAs modified the C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) expression and were associated with changes in metabolic functions. At present no data are available on miRNA transport by exosomes in this condition. To verify and compare the presence and the expression of CNP/NPR-B/NPR-C, and some miRNAs (miR-33a-3p/miR-223-5p/miR-142-5p/miRNA-4454/miRNA-181a-5p/miRNA-199-5p), in circulating exosomes obtained from the same cohort of obese (O, n = 22) and normal-weight adolescents (N, n = 22). For the first time, we observed that exosomes carried CNP and its specific receptors only randomly both in O and N, suggesting that exosomes are not important carriers for the CNP system. On the contrary, exosomal miRNAs resulted ubiquitously and differentially expressed in O and N. O showed a significant decrease (p < 0.01) in the expression of all miRNAs except for miR-4454 and miR-142-5p. We have found significant correlations among miRNAs themselves and with some inflammatory/metabolic factors of obesity. These relationships may help in finding new biomarkers, allowing us to recognize, at an early stage, obese children and adolescents at high risk to develop the disease complications in adult life.
- Real-Time PCR
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry