Evaluation of Exosomal Coding and Non-Coding RNA Signature in Obese Adolescents

Manuela Cabiati, Emioli Randazzo, Letizia Guiducci, Alessandra Falleni, Antonella Cecchettini, Valentina Casieri, Giovanni Federico, Silvia Del Ry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exosomes may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity through their action as communication mediators. As we have previously demonstrated, in obese adolescents, some circulating miRNAs modified the C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) expression and were associated with changes in metabolic functions. At present no data are available on miRNA transport by exosomes in this condition. To verify and compare the presence and the expression of CNP/NPR-B/NPR-C, and some miRNAs (miR-33a-3p/miR-223-5p/miR-142-5p/miRNA-4454/miRNA-181a-5p/miRNA-199-5p), in circulating exosomes obtained from the same cohort of obese (O, n = 22) and normal-weight adolescents (N, n = 22). For the first time, we observed that exosomes carried CNP and its specific receptors only randomly both in O and N, suggesting that exosomes are not important carriers for the CNP system. On the contrary, exosomal miRNAs resulted ubiquitously and differentially expressed in O and N. O showed a significant decrease (p < 0.01) in the expression of all miRNAs except for miR-4454 and miR-142-5p. We have found significant correlations among miRNAs themselves and with some inflammatory/metabolic factors of obesity. These relationships may help in finding new biomarkers, allowing us to recognize, at an early stage, obese children and adolescents at high risk to develop the disease complications in adult life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number139
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • childhood
  • exosomes
  • miRNA
  • obesity
  • Real-Time PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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