Evaporation of microscopic black holes in string theory and the bound on species

Gia Dvali, Dieter Lüst

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We address the question how string compactifications with D-branes are consistent with the black hole bound, which arises in any theory with number of particle species to which the black holes can evaporate. For the Kaluza-Klein particles, both longitudinal and transversal to the D-branes, it is relatively easy to see that the black hole bound is saturated, and the geometric relations can be understood in the language of species-counting. We next address the question of the black hole evaporation into the higher string states and discover, that contrary to the naive intuition, the exponentially growing number of Regge states does not preclude the existence of semi-classical black holes of sub-stringy size. Our analysis indicates that the effective number of string resonances to which such micro black holes evaporate is not exponentially large but is bounded by N = 1/g2s, which suggests the interpretation of the well-known relation between the Planck and string scales as the saturation of the black hole bound on the species number. In addition, we also discuss some other issues in D-brane compactifications with a low string scale of order TeV, such as the masses of light moduli fields.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)505-527
    Number of pages23
    JournalFortschritte der Physik
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jun 2010


    • Black holes
    • Strings

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Physics and Astronomy


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