Event Boundaries Trigger Rapid Memory Reinstatement of the Prior Events to Promote Their Representation in Long-Term Memory

Ignasi Sols, Sarah DuBrow, Lila Davachi, Lluís Fuentemilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although everyday experiences unfold continuously over time, shifts in context, or event boundaries, can influence how those events come to be represented in memory [1–4]. Specifically, mnemonic binding across sequential representations is more challenging at context shifts, such that successful temporal associations are more likely to be formed within than across contexts [1, 2, 5–9]. However, in order to preserve a subjective sense of continuity, it is important that the memory system bridge temporally adjacent events, even if they occur in seemingly distinct contexts. Here, we used pattern similarity analysis to scalp electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings during a sequential learning task [2, 3] in humans and showed that the detection of event boundaries triggered a rapid memory reinstatement of the just-encoded sequence episode. Memory reactivation was detected rapidly (∼200–800 ms from the onset of the event boundary) and was specific to context shifts that were preceded by an event sequence with episodic content. Memory reinstatement was not observed during the sequential encoding of events within an episode, indicating that memory reactivation was induced specifically upon context shifts. Finally, the degree of neural similarity between neural responses elicited during sequence encoding and at event boundaries correlated positively with participants’ ability to later link across sequences of events, suggesting a critical role in binding temporally adjacent events in long-term memory. Current results shed light onto the neural mechanisms that promote episodic encoding not only for information within the event, but also, importantly, in the ability to link across events to create a memory representation of continuous experience. Event boundaries influence how experience is carved and represented in memory. Using scalp EEG pattern similarity analysis in humans, Sols et al. show that event boundaries trigger an online memory reinstatement of the just-encoded sequential episode that links adjacent events to create a long-term memory representation of continuous experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3499-3504.e4
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume27
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2017

Keywords

  • EEG
  • episodic memory
  • event segmentation
  • memory reactivation
  • pattern similarity
  • sequence memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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