Evolutionary methods for generating synthetic masterprint templates: Dictionary attack in fingerprint recognition

Aditi Roy, Nasir Memon, Julian Togelius, Arun Ross

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated the possibility of generating 'Masterprints' that can be used by an adversary to launch a dictionary attack against a fingerprint recognition system. Masterprints are fingerprint images that fortuitously match with a large number of other fingerprints thereby compromising the security of a fingerprint-based biometric system, especially those equipped with small-sized fingerprint sensors. This work presents new methods for creating a synthetic MasterPrint dictionary that sequentially maximizes the probability of matching a large number of target fingerprints. Three techniques, namely Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy (CMA-ES), Differential Evolution (DE) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), are explored. Experiments carried out using a commercial fingerprint verification software, and public datasets, show that the proposed approaches performed quite well compared to the previously known MasterPrint generation methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2018 International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages39-46
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781538642856
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2018
Event11th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018 - Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: Feb 20 2018Feb 23 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2018 International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018

Other

Other11th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018
CountryAustralia
CityGold Coast
Period2/20/182/23/18

Keywords

  • Biometric authentication
  • Dictionary Attack
  • Evolutionary methods
  • Masterprints
  • Mobile
  • Partial fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Roy, A., Memon, N., Togelius, J., & Ross, A. (2018). Evolutionary methods for generating synthetic masterprint templates: Dictionary attack in fingerprint recognition. In Proceedings - 2018 International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018 (pp. 39-46). (Proceedings - 2018 International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2018). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICB2018.2018.00017