TY - JOUR

T1 - Exactly soluble nonrelativistic model of particles with both electric and magnetic charges

AU - Zwanziger, Daniel

N1 - Funding Information:
Work supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

PY - 1968

Y1 - 1968

N2 - We consider the quantum-mechanical problem of the interaction of two particles, each with arbitrary electric and magnetic charges. It is shown that if an additional 1r2 potential, of appropriate strength, acts between the particles, then the resulting Hamiltonian possesses the same higher symmetry as the non-relativistic Coulomb problem. The bound-state energies and the scattering phase shifts are determined by an algebraic and gauge-independent method. If the electric and magnetic coupling parameters are α and μ=0,±12,±1,, then the bound states correspond to the representations n1+n2=|μ|,|μ|+1,, n1-n2=μ of SU2SU2∼O4, and the scattering states correspond to the representations of SL(2,C)∼O(1,3) specified by J2-K2=μ2-α′2-1, J•K=α′μ, with α′=αv. Thus, as α and μ are varied, all irreducible representations of O4 and all irreducible representations in the principal series of O(1,3) occur. The scattering matrix is expressed in closed form, and the differential cross section agrees with its classical value. Some results are obtained which are valid in a relativistic quantum field theory. The S matrix for spinless particles is found to transform under rotations like a μ→-μ helicity-flip amplitude, which contradicts the popular assumption that scattering states transform like the product of free-particle states. It is seen that the Dirac charge quantization condition means that electromagnetic interactions are characterized not by one but by two, and only two, free parameters: the electronic charge e(137)-12, and the electric charge of the magnetic monopole, whose absolute magnitude is not fixed by the Dirac quantization condition but which defines a second elementary quantum of electric charge.

AB - We consider the quantum-mechanical problem of the interaction of two particles, each with arbitrary electric and magnetic charges. It is shown that if an additional 1r2 potential, of appropriate strength, acts between the particles, then the resulting Hamiltonian possesses the same higher symmetry as the non-relativistic Coulomb problem. The bound-state energies and the scattering phase shifts are determined by an algebraic and gauge-independent method. If the electric and magnetic coupling parameters are α and μ=0,±12,±1,, then the bound states correspond to the representations n1+n2=|μ|,|μ|+1,, n1-n2=μ of SU2SU2∼O4, and the scattering states correspond to the representations of SL(2,C)∼O(1,3) specified by J2-K2=μ2-α′2-1, J•K=α′μ, with α′=αv. Thus, as α and μ are varied, all irreducible representations of O4 and all irreducible representations in the principal series of O(1,3) occur. The scattering matrix is expressed in closed form, and the differential cross section agrees with its classical value. Some results are obtained which are valid in a relativistic quantum field theory. The S matrix for spinless particles is found to transform under rotations like a μ→-μ helicity-flip amplitude, which contradicts the popular assumption that scattering states transform like the product of free-particle states. It is seen that the Dirac charge quantization condition means that electromagnetic interactions are characterized not by one but by two, and only two, free parameters: the electronic charge e(137)-12, and the electric charge of the magnetic monopole, whose absolute magnitude is not fixed by the Dirac quantization condition but which defines a second elementary quantum of electric charge.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRev.176.1480

DO - 10.1103/PhysRev.176.1480

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000147374

SN - 0031-899X

VL - 176

SP - 1480

EP - 1488

JO - Physical Review

JF - Physical Review

IS - 5

ER -