Exceptionally high work density of a ferroelectric dynamic organic crystal around room temperature

Durga Prasad Karothu, Rodrigo Ferreira, Ghada Dushaq, Ejaz Ahmed, Luca Catalano, Jad Mahmoud Halabi, Zainab Alhaddad, Ibrahim Tahir, Liang Li, Sharmarke Mohamed, Mahmoud Rasras, Panče Naumov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dynamic organic crystals are rapidly gaining traction as a new class of smart materials for energy conversion, however, they are only capable of very small strokes (<12%) and most of them operate through energetically cost-prohibitive processes at high temperatures. We report on the exceptional performance of an organic actuating material with exceedingly large stroke that can reversibly convert energy into work around room temperature. When transitioning at 295–305 K on heating and at 265–275 K on cooling the ferroelectric crystals of guanidinium nitrate exert a linear stroke of 51%, the highest value observed with a reversible operation of an organic single crystal actuator. Their maximum force density is higher than electric cylinders, ceramic piezoactuators, and electrostatic actuators, and their work capacity is close to that of thermal actuators. This work demonstrates the hitherto untapped potential of ionic organic crystals for applications such as light-weight capacitors, dielectrics, ferroelectric tunnel junctions, and thermistors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2823
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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