Exploring how a co-dependent tangible tool design supports collaboration in a tabletop activity

Min Fan, Alissa N. Antle, Carman Neustaedter, Alyssa F. Wise

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Many studies suggest that tangibles and digital tabletops have potential to support collaborative interaction. However, previous findings show that users often work in parallel with such systems. One design strategy that may encourage collaboration rather than parallel use involves creating a system that responds to co-dependent access points in which more than one action is required to create a successful system response. To better understand how co-dependent access points support collaboration, we designed a comparative study with 12 young adults using the same application with a co-dependent and an independent access point design. We collected and analyzed categories of both verbal and behavioural data in the two conditions. Our results show support for the co-dependent strategy and suggest ways that the co-dependent design can be used to support flexible collaboration on tangible tabletops for young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGROUP 2014 - Proceedings of the 18th ACM International Conference on Supporting Group Work
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450330435
StatePublished - Nov 9 2014
Event18th ACM International Conference on Supporting Group Work, GROUP 2014 - Sanibel Island, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2014Nov 12 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International ACM SIGGROUP Conference on Supporting Group Work


Other18th ACM International Conference on Supporting Group Work, GROUP 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanibel Island


  • Co-dependent access points
  • Collaboration
  • Digital tabletop
  • Interactive surfaces
  • Tangible user interfaces
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science

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