Purpose: To explore the motion sensitivity of magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF), we performed experiments with different types of motion at various time intervals during multiple scans. Additionally, we investigated the possibility to correct the motion artifacts based on redundancy in MRF data. Methods: A radial version of the FISP-MRF sequence was used to acquire one transverse slice through the brain. Three subjects were instructed to move in different patterns (in-plane rotation, through-plane wiggle, complex movements, adjust head position, and pretend itch) during different time intervals. The potential to correct motion artifacts in MRF by removing motion-corrupted data points from the fingerprints and dictionary was evaluated. Results: Morphological structures were well preserved in multi-parametric maps despite subject motion. Although the bulk T1 values were not significantly affected by motion, fine structures were blurred when in-plane motion was present during the first part of the scan. On the other hand, T2 values showed a considerable deviation from the motion-free results, especially when through-plane motion was present in the middle of the scan (−44% on average). Explicitly removing the motion-corrupted data from the scan partially restored the T2 values (−10% on average). Conclusion: Our experimental results showed that different kinds of motion have distinct effects on the precision and effective resolution of the parametric maps measured with MRF. Although MRF-based acquisitions can be relatively robust to motion effects occurring at the beginning or end of the sequence, relying on redundancy in the data alone is not sufficient to assure the accuracy of the multi-parametric maps in all cases.
- Magnetic resonance fingerprinting
- Quantitative imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging