Expressing pride: Effects on perceived agency, communality, and stereotype-based gender disparities

Prisca Brosi, Matthias Spörrle, Isabell M. Welpe, Madeline E. Heilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two experimental studies were conducted to investigate how the expression of pride shapes agencyrelated and communality-related judgments, and how those judgments differ when the pride expresser is a man or a woman. Results indicated that the expression of pride (as compared to the expression of happiness) had positive effects on perceptions of agency and inferences about task-oriented leadership competence, and negative effects on perceptions of communality and inferences about people-oriented leadership competence. Pride expression also elevated ascriptions of interpersonal hostility. For agencyrelated judgments and ascriptions of interpersonal hostility, these effects were consistently stronger when the pride expresser was a woman than a man. Moreover, the expression of pride was found to affect disparities in judgments about men and women, eliminating the stereotype-consistent differences that were evident when happiness was expressed. With a display of pride women were not seen as any more deficient in agency-related attributes and competencies, nor were they seen as any more exceptional in communality-related attributes and competencies, than were men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1328
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Agency
  • Communality
  • Gender stereotypes
  • Leadership competence
  • Pride expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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