The polarisation of spectrally resolved Na D lines excited by white, linearly polarised light in a homogeneous magnetic field up to 1000 G was measured by means of the crossed-beam technique. The axis of observation, the sodium beam and the direction of the magnetic field were mutually at right angles. The incoming light beam was directed along the magnetic field and linearly polarised either parallel to the axis of observation or perpendicular to it. A Lyot filter of high transmission and a sensitive photon-counting technique made it possible to detect the small intensities of the resolved Na D doublet excited by the light of a xenon arc lamp. The measured polarisations are found to be in excellent agreement with those calculated by means of Breit's theory and the ambiguities of earlier investigations are completely removed. The importance of our results for electron impact excitation in magnetic fields parallel to the beam is discussed. It is shown that the polarisation of the electron impact excited Na D lines is no longer perturbed by hyperfine structure if a magnetic field of 500 G parallel to the beam is applied.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics|
|State||Published - 1980|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics