Extracellular matrix stiffness regulates degradation of MST2 via SCF βTrCP

Ana Paula Zen Petisco Fiore, Ana Maria Rodrigues, Helder Veras Ribeiro-Filho, Antonio Carlos Manucci, Pedro de Freitas Ribeiro, Mayara Carolinne Silva Botelho, Christine Vogel, Paulo Sergio Lopes-de-Oliveira, Michele Pagano, Alexandre Bruni-Cardoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Hippo pathway plays central roles in relaying mechanical signals during development and tumorigenesis, but how the proteostasis of the Hippo kinase MST2 is regulated remains unknown. Here, we found that chemical inhibition of proteasomal proteolysis resulted in increased levels of MST2 in human breast epithelial cells. MST2 binds SCFβTrCP E3 ubiquitin ligase and silencing βTrCP resulted in MST2 accumulation. Site-directed mutagenesis combined with computational molecular dynamics studies revealed that βTrCP binds MST2 via a non-canonical degradation motif. Additionally, stiffer extracellular matrix, as well as hyperactivation of integrins resulted in enhanced MST2 degradation mediated by integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and actomyosin stress fibers. Our study uncovers the underlying biochemical mechanisms controlling MST2 degradation and underscores how alterations in the microenvironment rigidity regulate the proteostasis of a central Hippo pathway component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number130238
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Breast cells
  • Extracellular matrix stiffness
  • Hippo
  • MST2
  • SCF βTrCP
  • Ubiquitinproteasome system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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