Extraction and prediction of indices for monsoon intraseasonal oscillations: an approach based on nonlinear Laplacian spectral analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An improved index for real-time monitoring and forecast verification of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations (MISOs) is introduced using the recently developed nonlinear Laplacian spectral analysis (NLSA) technique. Using NLSA, a hierarchy of Laplace–Beltrami (LB) eigenfunctions are extracted from unfiltered daily rainfall data from the Global Precipitation Climatology Project over the south Asian monsoon region. Two modes representing the full life cycle of the northeastward-propagating boreal summer MISO are identified from the hierarchy of LB eigenfunctions. These modes have a number of advantages over MISO modes extracted via extended empirical orthogonal function analysis including higher memory and predictability, stronger amplitude and higher fractional explained variance over the western Pacific, Western Ghats, and adjoining Arabian Sea regions, and more realistic representation of the regional heat sources over the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Real-time prediction of NLSA-derived MISO indices is demonstrated via extended-range hindcasts based on NCEP Coupled Forecast System version 2 operational output. It is shown that in these hindcasts the NLSA MISO indices remain predictable out to ∼ 3 weeks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3031-3050
Number of pages20
JournalClimate Dynamics
Volume49
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Extended range prediction
  • Monsoon intraseasonal oscillations
  • NCEP CFSv2
  • Nonlinear Laplacian spectral analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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