Fabrication of two-dimensional photonic crystals of non-spherical atoms by holographic lithography

Jun Hyuk Moon, David J. Pine, Seung Man Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The process of fabricating two-dimensional (2D) polymeric photonic crystals with atoms stretched along a specific direction using a double exposure with phase modulation was described. It was found that the crystalline lattices of non-spherical atoms with dielectric materials break the symmetry-indiced degeneracy of polarization modes. The holographic lithography was based on optical interference, which corresponds to the interaction of two or more light waves yielding a resultant irradiance with a periodic spatial modulation. The results show that the holographic lithography is simple, flexible and defect free process to produce twoD photonic crystals over large areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsR.M. La Rue, P. Viktorovitch, C.M.S. Torres, M. Midrio
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2004
EventPhotonic Crystal Materials and Nanostructures - Strasbourg, France
Duration: Apr 27 2004Apr 29 2004


OtherPhotonic Crystal Materials and Nanostructures


  • Holographic lithography
  • Photonic crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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