FACID: A trust-based collaborative decision framework for intrusion detection networks

Carol J. Fung, Quanyan Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Computer systems evolve to be more complex and vulnerable. Cyber attacks have also grown to be more sophisticated and harder to detect. Intrusion detection is the process of monitoring and identifying unauthorized system access or manipulation. It becomes increasingly difficult for a single intrusion detection system (IDS) to detect all attacks due to limited knowledge about attacks. Collaboration among intrusion detection devices can be used to gain higher detection accuracy and cost efficiency as compared to its traditional single host-based counterpart. Through cooperation, a local IDS can detect new attacks that may be known to other IDSs, which may be from different vendors. However, how to utilize the diagnosis from different IDSs to perform intrusion detection is the key challenge. This paper proposes a system architecture of a collaborative intrusion detection network (CIDN), in which trustworthy and efficient feedback aggregation is a key component. To achieve a reliable and trustworthy CIDN, we present a framework called FACID, which leverages data analytical models and hypothesis testing methods for efficient, distributed and sequential feedback aggregations. FACID provides an inherent trust evaluation mechanism and reduces communication overhead needed for IDSs as well as the computational resources and memory needed to achieve satisfactory feedback aggregation results when the number of collaborators of an IDS is large. Our simulation results corroborate our theoretical results and demonstrate the properties of cost efficiency and accuracy compared to other heuristic methods. The analytical result on the lower-bound of the average number of acquaintances for consultation is essential for the design and configuration of IDSs in a collaborative environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-31
Number of pages15
JournalAd Hoc Networks
StatePublished - Dec 15 2016


  • Cooperative networks
  • Distributed algorithms
  • Intrusion detection networks
  • Resource allocations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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