Factor structure and convergent validity of the conflict tactics scale in high school students

Michele Cascardi, Sarah Avery-Leaf, K. Daniel O'Leary, Amy M. Smith Slep

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study explored the factor structure of a modified version of the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS; M. A. Straus, 1979) in a large multiethnic high school sample. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approaches were used. Results generally supported 2-factor models for males and females. A substantial proportion of residual variance remained after the 2 primary factors were extracted, and correlations among this residual variance suggested meaningful differences in the perpetration and experience of dating violence for males and females. Furthermore, the factor structure for males' self-reported victimization suggested that items representing psychological and mild physical aggression, which loaded on 1 factor, may be perceived similarly. Convergent validity analyses that examined the correlation among CTS traditional and factor scores with jealous actions, control tactics, and attitudes justifying males' and females' use of dating aggression provided initial support for the constructs identified. Results are discussed in terms of improving measurement of dating aggression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-555
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological assessment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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