Factors influencing the integration of evidence-based task-strengthening strategies for hypertension control within HIV clinics in Nigeria

Juliet Iwelunmor, Oliver Ezechi, Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, David Oladele, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Angela Aifah, Joyce Gyamfi, Titilola Gbajabiamila, Adesola Z. Musa, Deborah Onakomaiya, Ashlin Rakhra, Hu Jiyuan, Oluwatosin Odubela, Ifeoma Idigbe, Alexis Engelhart, Bamidele O. Tayo, Gbenga Ogedegbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Evidence-based task-strengthening strategies for hypertension (HTN) control (TASSH) are not readily available for patients living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa where the dual burden of HTN and HIV remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of practice facilitation versus a self-directed control (i.e., receipt of TASSH with no practice facilitation) in reducing blood pressure and increasing the adoption of task-strengthening strategies for HTN control within HIV clinics in Nigeria. Prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to identify factors that may influence the integration of TASSH within HIV clinics in Nigeria. Methods: This mixed-methods study was conducted with purposively selected healthcare providers at 29 HIV clinics, followed by a 1-day stakeholder meeting with 19 representatives of HIV clinics. We collected quantitative practice assessment data using two instruments: (a) an adapted Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool to assess the capacity of the clinic to manage NCDs and (b) Implementation Climate Scale to assess the degree to which there is a strategic organizational climate supportive of the evidence-based practice implementation. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and measures of scale reliability. We also used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), to thematically analyze qualitative data generated and relevant to the aims of this study. Results: Across the 29 clinics surveyed, the focus on TASSH (mean=1.77 (SD=0.59)) and educational support (mean=1.32 (SD=0.68)) subscales demonstrated the highest mean score, with good–excellent internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s alphas ranging from 0.84 to 0.96). Within the five CFIR domains explored, the major facilitators of the intervention included relative advantage of TASSH compared to current practice, compatibility with clinic organizational structures, support of patients’ needs, and intervention alignment with national guidelines. Barriers included the perceived complexity of TASSH, weak referral network and patient tracking mechanism within the clinics, and limited resources and diagnostic equipment for HTN. Conclusion: Optimizing healthcare workers’ implementation of evidence-based TASSH within HIV clinics requires attention to both the implementation climate and contextual factors likely to influence adoption and long-term sustainability. These findings have implications for the development of effective practice facilitation strategies to further improve the delivery and integration of TASSH within HIV clinics in Nigeria. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalImplementation Science Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • HIV clinics
  • Hypertension control
  • Implementation Climate
  • Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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