Factors that moderate activity limitation and participation restriction in people with multiple sclerosis

Yael Goverover, Lauren Strober, Nancy Chiaravalloti, John DeLuca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined the variables most associated with activity limitation (i.e., cooking) and participation restriction (i.e., employment) in 72 people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery assessing memory, executive functions, visual perception, and processing speed and completed questionnaires assessing activity, participation, fatigue, and affective symptoms. Results showed that processing speed was the only variable consistently significantly related to both activity and participation. When examining specific aspects of activity and participation in isolation, employment status was significantly associated with education level, visual memory, fatigue, and processing speed. Cooking ability was associated with performance on tasks of working memory, verbal memory, and processing speed. These findings suggest that processing speed is a primary cognitive factor in MS influencing quality of both activity and participation in everyday life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • activity limitation
  • participation restriction
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • persons with MS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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