Family support and sociocultural factors on depression among black and latinx sexual minority men

Donte T. Boyd, S. Raquel Ramos, Camille R. Quinn, Kristian V. Jones, Leo Wilton, Laron E. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Family-based approaches are critical for improving health outcomes in sexual minority men (SMM) of color. Yet, it is unclear how family context, internalized homophobia, and stress influence mental health outcomes among sexual minority men of color. From a cross-sectional sample of 448 participants, aged 16–24 years, survey data were analyzed to examine rates of family social support, the perception of sexuality by family, the stressfulness of life events, internalized homo-phobia, and other contextual variables on depression using linear regression. Our results indicated that an 86% increase in family social support was related to a −0.14 decrease in depression (ß = −0.14, p = 0.004). In addition, SMM who were separated by family and friends because of their sexuality were statistically significant and positively associated with depression (ß = 0.09, p < 0.001). Findings from our study suggest that the influence from the microsystem is salient in modifying mental health outcomes for SMM of color.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6759
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021


  • Depression
  • Families
  • Internalized homophobia
  • Sexual minority men
  • Stressful life events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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