The problem of the efficient design of material microstructures exhibiting desired properties spans a variety of engineering and science applications. The ability to rapidly generate microstructures that exhibit user-specified property distributions can transform the iterative process of traditional microstructure-sensitive design. We reformulate the microstructure design process using a constrained generative adversarial network (GAN) model. This approach explicitly encodes invariance constraints within GANs to generate two-phase morphologies for photovoltaic applications obeying design specifications: specifically, user-defined short-circuit current density and fill factor combinations. Such invariance constraints can be represented by differentiable, deep learning-based surrogates of full physics models mapping microstructures to photovoltaic properties. Furthermore, we propose a multi-fidelity surrogate that reduces expensive label requirements by a factor of five. Our framework enables the incorporation of expensive or non-differentiable constraints for the fast generation of microstructures (in 190 ms) with user-defined properties. Such proposed physics-aware data-driven methods for inverse design problems can be used to considerably accelerate the field of microstructure-sensitive design.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)