Fatigue life and failure modes of crowns systems with a modified framework design

Fabio C. Lorenzoni, Leandro M. Martins, Nelson R.F.A. Silva, Paulo G. Coelho, Petra C. Guess, Estevam A. Bonfante, Van P. Thompson, Gerson Bonfante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To evaluate the effect of framework design on the fatigue life and failure modes of metal ceramic (MC, Ni-Cr alloy core, VMK 95 porcelain veneer), glass-infiltrated alumina (ICA, In-Ceram Alumina/VM7), and veneered yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP, IPSe.max ZirCAD/IPS e.max,) crowns. Methods: Sixty composite resin tooth replicas of a prepared maxillary first molar were produced to receive crowns systems of a standard (MCs, ICAs, and Y-TZPs, n = 10 each) or a modified framework design (MCm, ICAm, and Y-TZPm, n = 10 each). Fatigue loading was delivered with a spherical steel indenter (3.18 mm radius) on the center of the occlusal surface using r-ratio fatigue (30-300 N) until completion of 106 cycles or failure. Fatigue was interrupted every 125,000 cycles for damage evaluation. Weibull distribution fits and contour plots were used for examining differences between groups. Failure mode was evaluated by light polarized and SEM microscopy. Results: Weibull analysis showed the highest fatigue life for MC crowns regardless of framework design. No significant difference (confidence bound overlaps) was observed between ICA and Y-TZP with or without framework design modification. Y-TZPm crowns presented fatigue life in the range of MC crowns. No porcelain veneer fracture was observed in the MC groups, whereas ICAs presented bulk fracture and ICAm failed mainly through the veneer. Y-TZP crowns failed through chipping within the veneer, without core fractures. Conclusions: Framework design modification did not improve the fatigue life of the crown systems investigated. Y-TZPm crowns showed comparable fatigue life to MC groups. Failure mode varied according to crown system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-634
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • All-ceramic
  • Crown
  • Fatigue life
  • Framework design
  • Glass-infiltrated
  • Metal ceramic
  • Y-TZP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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