Feature Augmentation via Nonparametrics and Selection (FANS) in High-Dimensional Classification

Jianqing Fan, Yang Feng, Jiancheng Jiang, Xin Tong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose a high-dimensional classification method that involves nonparametric feature augmentation. Knowing that marginal density ratios are the most powerful univariate classifiers, we use the ratio estimates to transform the original feature measurements. Subsequently, penalized logistic regression is invoked, taking as input the newly transformed or augmented features. This procedure trains models equipped with local complexity and global simplicity, thereby avoiding the curse of dimensionality while creating a flexible nonlinear decision boundary. The resulting method is called feature augmentation via nonparametrics and selection (FANS). We motivate FANS by generalizing the naive Bayes model, writing the log ratio of joint densities as a linear combination of those of marginal densities. It is related to generalized additive models, but has better interpretability and computability. Risk bounds are developed for FANS. In numerical analysis, FANS is compared with competing methods, so as to provide a guideline on its best application domain. Real data analysis demonstrates that FANS performs very competitively on benchmark email spam and gene expression datasets. Moreover, FANS is implemented by an extremely fast algorithm through parallel computing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-287
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Statistical Association
Issue number513
StatePublished - Jan 2 2016


  • Classification
  • Density estimation
  • Feature augmentation
  • Feature selection
  • High-dimensional space
  • Nonlinear decision boundary
  • Parallel computing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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