Feedback-Free Adaptive Modulation Selection Algorithm for FSO Systems

Mohammed Elamassie, Murat Uysal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Free space optical (FSO) communication systems experience turbulence-induced fading. As a possible solution to mitigate the effects of fading, adaptive transmission that allows the adjustment of transmission parameters such as transmit power and modulation size can be used. Most of the existing works on adaptive FSO systems assume the presence of full channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter side. In practice, incomplete/outdated CSI may prevent the complete extraction of the theoretical gain expected from adaptive systems. In this letter, to avoid the difficulties associated with feedback, we propose a feedback-free adaptive modulation selection algorithm for FSO systems. We formulate the design as an optimization problem where average throughput is maximized by selecting the largest modulation order under the constraint that the required transmit power for a targeted bit error rate (BER) value does not exceed the maximum transmit power. We further present numerical results to confirm the superiority of the proposed adaptive algorithm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9453397
Pages (from-to)1964-1968
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Free space optical communication
  • atmospheric turbulence-induced fading
  • feedback-free adaptive transmission
  • weak turbulence conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Feedback-Free Adaptive Modulation Selection Algorithm for FSO Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this