Filtering a nonlinear slow-fast system with strong fast forcing

Boris Gershgorin, Andrew Majda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A three-mode nonlinear slow-fast system with fast forcing is studied here as a model for filtering turbulent signals from partial observations. The model describes the interaction of two externally driven fast modes with a slow mode through catalytic nonlinear coupling. The special structure of the nonlinear interaction allows for the analytical solution for the first and second order statistics even with fast forcing. These formulas are used for testing the exact Nonlinear Extended Kalman Filter for the slow-fast system with fast forcing. Various practical questions such as the influence of the strong fast forcing on the slowly varying wave envelope, the role of observations, the frequency and variance of observations, and the model error due to linearization are addressed here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-92
Number of pages26
JournalCommunications in Mathematical Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010


  • Extended Kalman filter
  • Fast forcing
  • Nonlinear model
  • Slow-fast system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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