Finding a workable definition of waste: Is it a waste of time?

Satnam Choongh, Martha Grekos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thirty years on from the passing of the 1975 Waste Framework Directive (WFD), there is little agreement as to what is or not "waste". Because waste recycling is big business and waste disposal a costly business, the need for a clear and workable definition of waste is more important than ever. Taking some recent cases as illustrative examples, practitioners and those involved in waste management are given a comprehensive analysis of key European and domestic court decisions on the meaning of waste. Through an assessment of the case law, these individuals achieve a better understanding of the thinking of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on this issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-479
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Planning and Environment Law
Issue numberAPR.
StatePublished - Apr 2006


  • EC law
  • Environmental protection
  • Interpretation
  • Planning policy
  • Waste
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law


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