Fine and hyperfine structure of the 3P2 term in lithium

B. Budick, H. Bucka, R. J. Goshen, A. Landman, R. Novick

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The fine and hyperfine structures of the 3p2 term in Li7 have been studied by the technique of level-crossing spectroscopy. A preliminary value for the fine-structure separation is Δν=2882.9±1.2 Mc/sec. It is expected that the present technique can be extended to obtain a result that is reliable to a few parts per million. It is noteworthy that the fine-structure intervals in lithium are 8% and 12% smaller for the 2p and 3p levels, respectively, than the corresponding intervals in hydrogen. A theory is developed for interpreting the separation between hyperfine level crossings. Its application depends on a detailed knowledge of the core-polarization effects of the 3p electron. Evidence is presented indicating that the core-polarization effects in the np states n=2,3 scale as 1r3np for the valence electron. Assuming this to be true, we estimate that ae(3p)=-3.05(12) Mc/sec for Li7. The limited precision achieved so far in this work has prevented observation of the Li7 quadrupole interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1966
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Budick, B., Bucka, H., Goshen, R. J., Landman, A., & Novick, R. (1966). Fine and hyperfine structure of the 3P2 term in lithium. Physical Review, 147(1), 1-5.