Fine-grained parallelization of the Car-Parrinello ab initio molecular dynamics method on the IBM Blue Gene/L supercomputer

Eric Bohm, Abhinav Bhatele, Laxmikant V. Kalé, Mark E. Tuckerman, Sameer Kumar, John A. Gunnels, Glenn J. Martyna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Important scientific problems can be treated via ab initio-based molecular modeling approaches, wherein atomic forces are derived from an energy function that explicitly considers the electrons. The Car-Parrinello ab initio molecular dynamics (CPAIMD) method is widely used to study small systems containing on the order of 10 10 103 atoms. However, the impact of CPAIMD has been limited until recently because of difficulties inherent to scaling the technique beyond processor numbers about equal to the number of electronic states. CPAIMD computations involve a large number of interdependent phases with high interprocessor communication overhead. These phases require the evaluation of various transforms and non-square matrix multiplications that require large interprocessor data movement when efficiendy parallelized. Using the Charm-++ parallel programming language and runtime system, the phases are discretized into a large number of virtual processors, which are, in turn, mapped flexibly onto physical processors, thereby allowing interleaving of work. Algorithmic and IBM Blue Gene/L™ system-specific optimizations are employed to scale the CPAIMD method to at least 30 times the number of electronic states in small systems consisting of 24 to 768 atoms (32 to 1,024 electronic states) in order to demonstrate fine-grained parallelism. The largest systems studied scaled well across the entire machine (20,480 nodes).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-176
Number of pages18
JournalIBM Journal of Research and Development
Volume52
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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