First high-resolution images of the sun in the 2796 Å Mg II k line

T. L. Riethmüller, S. K. Solanki, J. Hirzberger, S. Danilovic, P. Barthol, T. Berkefeld, A. Gandorfer, L. Gizon, M. Knölker, W. Schmidt, J. C. Del Toro Iniesta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present the first high-resolution solar images in the Mg II k 2796 Å line. The images, taken through a 4.8 Å broad interference filter, were obtained during the second science flight of Sunrise in 2013 June by the Sunrise Filter Imager (SuFI) instrument. The Mg II k images display structures that look qualitatively very similar to images taken in the core of Ca II H. The Mg II images exhibit reversed granulation (or shock waves) in the internetwork regions of the quiet Sun, at intensity contrasts that are similar to those found in Ca II H. Very prominent in Mg II are bright points, both in the quiet Sun and in plage regions, particularly near the disk center. These are much brighter than at other wavelengths sampled at similar resolution. Furthermore, Mg II k images also show fibril structures associated with plage regions. Again, the fibrils are similar to those seen in Ca II H images, but tend to be more pronounced, particularly in weak plage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL13
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume776
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2013

Keywords

  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: faculae, plages
  • techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Riethmüller, T. L., Solanki, S. K., Hirzberger, J., Danilovic, S., Barthol, P., Berkefeld, T., Gandorfer, A., Gizon, L., Knölker, M., Schmidt, W., & Del Toro Iniesta, J. C. (2013). First high-resolution images of the sun in the 2796 Å Mg II k line. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 776(1), [L13]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/776/1/L13