Food group intake patterns and associated nutrient profiles of the US population

A. K. Kant, A. Schatzkin, G. Block, R. G. Ziegler, M. Nestle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We developed a method for evaluating food group intake patterns using dietary recall data (n = 11,529) from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We used this method to examine the relationship of these food group intake patterns to nutrient intake and to selected biochemical indexes of nutritional status. We evaluated each 24-hour dietary intake recall for the presence or omission of five broad food groups-dairy, meat, grain, fruit, and vegetable. The five most prevalent patterns and the proportion of the population reporting them was as follows: all food groups, 33.6%; no fruit, 23.9%; no dairy and fruit, 9.0%; no dairy, 8.0%; and no fruit and vegetable, 5.6%. In the most prevalent pattern, all food groups were consumed; this was the only pattern that provided mean amounts of all of the key vitamins and minerals at levels greater than or equal to the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). This pattern also was reported by the lowest proportion of individuals consuming less than 100% RDA of the key nutrients. Patterns in which both fruit and vegetables were consumed were associated with highest levels of serum vitamin C. The consistency of these results indicates that screening diets for food group consumption can quickly provide meaningful information about their quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1532-1537
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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