To accommodate a higher penetration of distributed energy resources, distribution systems are moving toward hybrid AC/DC configurations for secure and economic operation. In this regard, this paper proposes a forecasting-aided state estimator (FASE) for hybrid AC/DC distribution systems to obtain accurate estimates for online security monitoring and control. The proposed FASE is designed in a distributed framework, with decomposition into several subproblems and solution by a constrained ensemble Kalman filter algorithm. In the proposed methodology, a deep neural network-based state forecasting model is developed to imitate the complex temporal and spatial relationship between system states, avoiding the state transition model built by unfounded explicit formulations. Furthermore, smart meter data is integrated by deep regression learning to obtain power injections of consumers and address the system observability issue. Extensive comparisons with two alternatives are carried out on a sample 33-node hybrid AC/DC distribution system to show the effectiveness and benefits of the proposed FASE, and on a larger 106-node hybrid AC/DC distribution system to demonstrate scalability.
- Deep learning ensemble Kalman filter
- Forecasting-aided state estimation
- Hybrid AC/DC distribution systems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law