Fragment Coupling Reactions in Total Synthesis That Form Carbon–Carbon Bonds via Carbanionic or Free Radical Intermediates

Martin Tomanik, Ian Tingyung Hsu, Seth B. Herzon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Fragment coupling reactions that form carbon–carbon bonds are valuable transformations in synthetic design. Advances in metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions in the early 2000s brought a high level of predictability and reliability to carbon–carbon bond constructions involving the union of unsaturated fragments. By comparison, recent years have witnessed an increase in fragment couplings proceeding via carbanionic and open-shell (free radical) intermediates. The latter has been driven by advances in methods to generate and utilize carbon-centered radicals under mild conditions. In this Review, we survey a selection of recent syntheses that have implemented carbanion- or radical-based fragment couplings to form carbon–carbon bonds. We aim to highlight the strategic value of these disconnections in their respective settings and to identify extensible lessons from each example that might be instructive to students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1150
Number of pages35
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2021

Keywords

  • convergence
  • fragment coupling
  • radical chemistry
  • total synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry

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