Fragment density functional theory (DFT) calculation of NMR chemical shifts for several proteins (Trp-cage, Pin1 WW domain, the third IgG-binding domain of Protein G (GB3) and human ubiquitin) has been carried out. The present study is based on a recently developed automatic fragmentation quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (AF-QM/MM) approach but the solvent effects are included by using the PB (Poisson-Boltzmann) model. Our calculated chemical shifts of 1H and 13C for these four proteins are in excellent agreement with experimentally measured values and represent clear improvement over that from the gas phase calculation. However, although the inclusion of the solvent effect also improves the computed chemical shifts of 15N, the results do not agree with experimental values as well as 1H and 13C. Our study also demonstrates that AF-QM/MM calculated results accurately reproduce the separation of α-helical and β-sheet chemical shifts for 13C α atoms in proteins, and using the 1H chemical shift to discriminate the native structure of proteins from decoys is quite remarkable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry