Frequency modulation of neural oscillations according to visual task demands

Andreas Wutz, David Melcher, Jason Samaha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Temporal integration in visual perception is thought to occur within cycles of occipital alpha-band (8-12 Hz) oscillations. Successive stimuli may be integrated when they fall within the same alpha cycle and segregated for different alpha cycles. Consequently, the speed of alpha oscillations correlates with the temporal resolution of perception, such that lower alpha frequencies provide longer time windows for perceptual integration and higher alpha frequencies correspond to faster sampling and segregation. Can the brain's rhythmic activity be dynamically controlled to adjust its processing speed according to different visual task demands? We recorded magnetoencephalography (MEG) while participants switched between task instructions for temporal integration and segregation, holding stimuli and task difficulty constant. We found that the peak frequency of alpha oscillations decreased when visual task demands required temporal integration compared with segregation. Alpha frequency was strategically modulated immediately before and during stimulus processing, suggesting a preparatory top-down source of modulation. Its neural generators were located in occipital and inferotemporal cortex. The frequency modulation was specific to alpha oscillations and did not occur in the delta (1-3 Hz), theta (3-7 Hz), beta (15-30 Hz), or gamma (30-50 Hz) frequency range. These results show that alpha frequency is under top-down control to increase or decrease the temporal resolution of visual perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1346-1351
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume115
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2018

Keywords

  • Alpha oscillations
  • Oscillation frequency
  • Temporal integration
  • Top-down control
  • Visual perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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