From strangers to friends: The interpersonal process model of intimacy in developing interracial friendships

J. Nicole Shelton, Thomas E. Trail, Tessa V. West, Hilary B. Bergsieker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examine the processes involved in the development of interracial friendships. Using Reis and Shaver's intimacy model, we explore the extent to which disclosure and perceived partner responsiveness influence intimacy levels in developing interracial and intraracial friendships. White and ethnic minority participants completed diary measures of self and partner disclosure and partner responsiveness every two weeks for 10 weeks about an in-group and an out-group person whom they thought they would befriend over time. The results revealed that perceived partner responsiveness mediated the relationships between both self and partner disclosure and intimacy in interracial and intraracial relationships. The implications of these results for intergroup relations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-90
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Social and Personal Relationships
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Friendships
  • Intergroup contact
  • Interracial friendships
  • Intimacy model
  • Self disclosure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Communication
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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